The Republic of Moldova and Ukraine established diplomatic relations in 1992. As of January 2014, the relations between the two countries are based on 128 different legal acts and documents (treaties, agreements, etc.) in force. The most relevant of these legal documents in the given context are the Treaty on Neighbourhood, Friendship and Cooperation (1992), the Treaty on the State Border (1999), as well as the Consulate Convention between Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova (1995). The border between the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine stretches to a length of 1,222 km, of which 955 km is a land border, while the river border constitutes 267 km. There are 67 permanent official border crossing points along the Moldavian‐Ukrainian border of three categories: international ‐ for crossing by persons and transport belonging to any state, interstate ‐ for crossing by persons and transport from the Republic of Moldova an Ukraine, and local ‐ for crossing by citizens of the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine residing in bordering administrative districts.
Moldova‐Ukraine relations have to face the fact that one of the distinctive characteristics of the state border between the two states is the situation of the region of Transnistria in Moldova, over which the government of the Republic of Moldova has no full control. This region lies adjacent to 454 km of the state border with Ukraine; official Moldova‐Ukraine border crossing points are positioned along the border line. The internal boundary between the Transnistria region and other regions of Moldova is not monitored by Moldovan border guards. However, there are some customs check‐points supported by police at road crossing points. Another aspect which has been taken into account is the specific situation caused by the geographic location of the
Moldovan village Palanca: its territory extends into the Odesa oblast of Ukraine in such a way that makes it impossible to drive from one (northern) part of Ukraine to the southern parts without crossing the territory of the
Republic of Moldova.
Source: Moldova – UkraineJoint Operational Programme